Low GI Diet and Pregnancy

Food choices during pregnancy can impact a child’s future health long after they have been born, so it’s vital to eat well during this time.

Studies have found that a mother’s diet during pregnancy can ‘program’ her child’s metabolism in both good and bad ways. A poor diet during pregnancy can predispose a child to develop obesity or type 2 diabetes when he or she is older. In contrast, a healthy low GI diet pregnancy can help protect them.

Following a healthy low GI diet during pregnancy, especially that which include low GI staple such as Rice during pregnancy helps protect your child’s future health and improves health and wellbeing for lifelong benefits. Making smart low GI diet pregnancy choices during pregnancy helps your baby grow at a healthy rate and can reduce complications. A low GI diet helps keep blood glucose levels steady, avoiding the peaks and crashes. This in turn can prevent babies from being born with excess body fat and reduces the risk of developing type 2 diabetes in later life.

During pregnancy, the nutritional needs of women increase. However, the amount of extra food needed is less than many people realize. Energy requirements during the first trimester remain the same as they were before pregnancy and only increase by 10% in the second and third trimesters. However, the need for certain nutrients (such as iron and folate) increases significantly so it is more important than ever to make every mouthful count.

Gaining the right amount of weight during pregnancy is also important as too much weight gain will increase the risk of gestational diabetes and other pregnancy complications.

Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) is a form of diabetes that occurs during pregnancy and usually disappears after birth but may reoccur in the next pregnancy. GDM occurs when the hormones made by the placenta during pregnancy stop the body’s own insulin from working properly, causing blood glucose levels to rise. Glucose is the main fuel for a baby’s development so if levels are too high, a baby may grow too fast, be born with excess body fat, and be at risk of developing type 2 diabetes later on in life.

A healthy low GI diet pregnancy eating plan is one of the safest and most effective ways of ensuring the baby grows at a healthy rate. It does not require cutting out any major food groups, so benefits both mother and child. A low GI diet during pregnancy can:

1. Prevent excessive weight gain

2. Reduce the mother’s chance of developing gestational diabetes

3. Lessen the likelihood of birth defects, complicated delivery, and lower infant birth weights

4. Reduce a child’s future risk of obesity, type 2 diabetes, and chronic disease

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